Kia Stinger: Engine Electrical System / Battery

Kia Stinger CK 2018-2020 Service Manual / Engine Electrical System / Battery

Specifications
Specification

▷AGM80L - DIN

Item
Specification
Capacity [20 hr / 5 hr] (AH)
80 / 64
Cold Cranking Amperage (A)
800 (SAE) / 800 (EN)
Reserve Capacity (Min)
155
Specific Gravity
1.28 - 1.34 [25°C (77°F)]
Voltage (V)
12

▷CMF80L - DIN

Item
Specification
Capacity [20 hr / 5 hr] (AH)
80 / 64
Cold Cranking Amperage (A)
660 (SAE) / 660 (EN)
Reserve Capacity (Min)
145
Specific Gravity
1.27 - 1.29 [25°C (77°F)]
Voltage (V)
12

▷CMF90L-DIN

Item
Specification
Capacity [20 hr / 5 hr] (AH)
90 / 72
Cold Cranking Amperage (A)
740 (SAE) / 740 (EN)
Reserve Capacity (Min)
170
Specific Gravity
1.27 - 1.29 [25°C (77°F)]
Voltage (V)
12

▷MF80L-DIN : Openable

Item
Specification
Capacity [20 hr / 5 hr] (AH)
80 / 64
Cold Cranking Amperage (A)
660 (SAE) / 660 (EN)
Reserve Capacity (Min)
145
Specific Gravity
1.27 - 1.29 [25°C (77°F)]
Voltage (V)
12

  

Model type description

Cold Cranking Ampere (CCA): Cold Cranking Amps is a rating used in the battery industry to define a battery's ability to start an engine in cold temperatures.

The rating is the number of amps a new, fully charged battery can deliver at -18°C(-0.4°F) for 30 seconds, while maintaining a voltage of at least 7.2 volts for a 12 volt battery.

The higher the CCA rating, the greater the starting power of the battery.

RESERVE CAPACITY (RC) : Reserve Capacity is a battery industry rating, defining a battery's ability to power a vehicle with an inoperative alternator or fan belt.

The rating is the number of minutes a battery at 26.7 °C(80 °F) can be discharged at 25 amps and maintain a voltage of 10.5 volts for a 12 volt battery.

The higher the reserve rating, the longer your vehicle can operate should your alternator or fan belt fail.

  

BCI Type

Capacity
(5 hr / 20 hr)
Length
Width
Height
Total Height
L (mm)
W (mm)
H (mm)
TH (mm)
28/35
188 - 192
126 - 130
198 - 202
218 - 222
32/40
194 - 198
133 - 137
199 - 203
223 - 227
36/45
203 - 207
173 - 177
200 - 204
221 - 225
44/55
213 - 217
173 - 177
198 - 202
218 - 222
48/60
228 - 232
173 - 177
200 - 204
221 - 225
54/68
258 - 262
173 - 177
198 - 202
220 - 224
56/70
258 - 262
173 - 177
198 - 202
223 - 227
64/80
274 - 278
170 - 174
198 - 202
221 - 225
70/88
349 - 353
172 - 176
186 - 200
183 - 187
72/90
300 - 304
170 - 174
200 - 204
221 - 225
76/95
294 - 298
172 - 176
198 - 202
220 - 224
80/100
326 - 330
170 - 174
203 - 207
225 - 229

DIN Type

Capacity
(5 hr / 20 hr)
Length
Width
Height
Total Height
L (mm)
W (mm)
H (mm)
TH (mm)
36/45
205 - 207
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
48/60
240 - 242
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
54/68
276 - 278
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
64/80
313 - 315
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
72/90
351 - 353
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
80/100
351 - 353
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
88/110
392 - 394
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190

AGM DIN Type

Capacity
(5 hr / 20 hr)
Length
Width
Height
Total Height
L (mm)
W (mm)
H (mm)
TH (mm)
40/50
205 - 207
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
48/60
227 - 229
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
56/70
276 - 278
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
64/80
312 - 314
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
72/90
351 - 353
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190
84/105
392 - 394
173 - 175
164 - 168
188 - 190

Description and operation
Description

AGM Battery

AGM battery is used for especially heavy load on the vehicle network depending on equipment and requirements. AGM stands for Absorbent Glass Material Battery; that is absorbent glass fibre fleece. AGM batteries are fitted in models with electrical loads/consumers which have a high energy demand.The constantly increasing energy demand of modern vehicle electrical systems calls for ever more powerful battery solutions.The power consumption is considerable even when the vehicle is parked.The somewhat higher price compared with a battery of similar size is fully balanced by the following benefits:

Significantly longer service life

Increased starting reliability at low temperatures

100 % freedom from maintenance

Low risk in event of an accident (reduced risk to the environment)

CMF Battery

1.

The CMF(Closed Maintenance Free) battery is, as the name implies, totally maintenance free and has no removable battery cell caps.

2.

The CMF(Closed Maintenance Free) battery does not require water replenishment for the repair.

3.

The battery is completely sealed, except for small vent holes in the cover.

  

After disconnecting then reconnecting the battery negative cable, reset some parts that require the reset procedures.

(Refer to Body Electrical System - "General Information")

Repair procedures
Removal
1.

Turn the ignition switch OFF.

2.

Remove the luggage covering (A).

3.

Remove the luggage center tray (A).

4.

Turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal (A).

5.

Disconnect the battery positive (+) terminal (A).

6.

Disconnect the vent hose (B).

7.

Remove the mounting band (A).

8.

Remove the mounting bracket (B) and then remove the battery.

9.

Remove the battery.

Installation
1.

Install in the reverse order of removal.

Adjustment

Electrolyte Level Inspection (MF Openable Battery only)

1.

Check that the electrolyte level lies between the “UPPER” and the “LOWER” lines.

2.

If the electrolyte level is below the "LOWER" line, add water until the level of electrolyte comes up to the "UPPER" level.

(1)

Remove the cell caps (A) and then carefully add distilled or purified water to bring the level of electrolyte in each cell to the "UPPER" line.

(2)

Put the cell caps back on the battery.

(3)

Charge the battery to mix the water and residual acid in the battery.

  

Never use the water with impurities or additives to fill the battery cells. It will reduce the life and performance of the battery.

Do not overfill the battery cells. It may result in an "overflow" of the acid electrolyte and cause corrosion on adjacent metal parts, performance deterioration and shortening the life span.

Make sure the cell caps are installed securely before charging the battery after filling the battery cells.

Battery Charging

In general, vehicle battery charging system has three forms.

1.

Constant current charge: The battery voltage gradually rises by charging with setting a constant current. If charging current and time are not managed correctly, the battery is over-charged, therefore charging should be stopped after confirming the completion of charging.

General charge: Charging the battery for a long time with low current

Quick charge: Charging the battery for a short time with high current

2.

Constant voltage charge: The battery charge current is gradually reduced by charging with setting a constant voltage.

  

If the battery is charged directly at the battery terminals on vehicles with battery sensor, misinterpretations of battery condition and under certain circumstances also unwanted Check Control messages or fault memory entire can occur.

After recharging finished, let the battery stand for over 10 hours with normal temperature for battery stabilization.

Inspection

Battery Voltage and Status

Check the battery voltage and status using the battery tester.

Battery Terminal

1.

Move back and forth to check if the battery terminals (A) are loose or corroded. If the terminals are corroded, clean them.

If battery positive connection is loose, disconnect ground(GND) cable first before attempting to remove or tighten plus connection, to prevent personal injury.

2.

If the battery clamp on battery positive (+) terminal is not seated securely:

(1)

Turn ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal.

(2)

Tighten battery clamp (A) on battery positive (+) terminal

Battery positive (+) terminal:

7.8 - 9.8 N·m (0.8 - 1.0 kgf·m, 5.8 - 7.2 lb·ft)

3.

If the battery clamp on battery negative (-) terminal is not seated securely:

(1)

Tighten battery clamp (A) on battery negative (-) terminal.

Battery negative (-) terminal:

7.8 - 9.8 N·m (0.8 - 1.0 kgf·m, 5.8 - 7.2 lb·ft)

Battery Condition

Check the battery for damage or deformation. If severe damage, deformation or leakage is found, replace the battery.

Vehicle parasitic current inspection

[Using the Ammeter]

1.

Turn the all electric devices OFF, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.

2.

Close all doors except the engine hood, and then lock all doors.

(1)

Disconnect the hood switch connector.

(2)

Close the trunk lid.

(3)

Close the doors or remove the door switches.

3.

Wait for a few minutes until the vehicle’s electrical systems go to sleep mode.

  

For an accurate measurement of a vehicle parasitic current, all electrical systems should go to sleep mode. (It takes at least one hour or at most one day.) However, an approximate vehicle parasitic current can be measured after 10 - 20 minutes.

4.

Connect an ammeter in series between the battery (-) terminal and the ground cable, and then disconnect the clamp from the battery (-) terminal slowly.

  

Be careful that the lead wires of an ammeter do not come off from the battery (-) terminal and the ground cable to prevent the battery from being reset. In case the battery is reset, connect the battery cable again, and then start the engine or turn the ignition switch ON for more than 10 sec. Repeat the procedure from No. 1.

To prevent the battery from being reset during the inspection,

1)

Connect a jump cable between the battery (-) terminal and the ground cable.

2)

Disconnect the ground cable from the battery (-) terminal.

3)

Connect an ammeter between the battery (-) terminal and the ground cable.

4)

After disconnecting the jump cable, read the current value of the ammeter.

5.

Read the current value of the ammeter.

If the parasitic current is over the limit value, search for abnormal circuit by removing the fuses one by one and checking for parasitic current.

Reconnect only the fuse suspected of parasitic current and search for the trouble unit by removing the components connected to the circuit one by one until the parasitic draw drops below limit value.

Limit value (after 10 - 20 min.) : Below 50mA

[Using the Clamp type Ammeter]

1.

Turn the all electric devices OFF, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.

2.

Close all doors except the engine hood, and then lock all doors.

(1)

Disconnect the hood switch connector.

(2)

Close the trunk lid.

(3)

Close the doors or remove the door switches.

3.

Wait for a few minutes until the vehicle’s electrical systems go to sleep mode.

  

For an accurate measurement of a vehicle parasitic current, all electrical systems should go to sleep mode. (It takes at least one hour or at most one day.) However, an approximate vehicle parasitic current can be measured after 10 - 20 minutes.

4.

Install the clamp type ammerter on battery negative (-) terminal.

5.

Read the current value of the ammeter.

If the parasitic current is over the limit value, search for abnormal circuit by removing the fuses one by one and checking for parasitic current.

Reconnect only the fuse suspected of parasitic current and search for the trouble unit by removing the components connected to the circuit one by one until the parasitic draw drops below limit value.

Limit value (after 10 - 20 min.) : Below 50mA

Cleaning
1.

Make sure the ignition switch and all accessories are in the OFF position.

2.

Disconnect the battery cables (negative first).

3.

Remove the battery from the vehicle.

  

Care should be taken in the event the battery case is cracked or leaking, to protect your skin from the electrolyte.

Heavy rubber gloves (not the household type) should be wore when removing the battery.

4.

Inspect the battery tray for damage caused by the loss of electrolyte. If acid damage is present, it will be necessary to clean the area with a solution of clean warm water and baking soda. Scrub the area with a stiff brush and wipe off with a cloth moistened with baking soda and water.

5.

Clean the top of the battery with the same solution as described above.

6.

Inspect the battery case and cover for cracks. If cracks are present, the battery must be replaced.

7.

Clean the battery posts with a suitable battery post tool.

8.

Clean the inside surface of the terminal clamps with a suitable battery cleaning tool. Replace damaged or frayed cables and broken terminal clamps.

9.

Install the battery in the vehicle.

10.

Connect the cable terminals to the battery post, making sure tops of the terminals are flush with the tops of the posts .

11.

Tighten the terminal nuts securely.

12.

Coat all connections with light mineral grease after tightening.

  

When batteries are being charged, an explosive gas forms beneath the cover of each cell. Do not smoke near batteries being charged or which have recently been charged. Do not break live circuit at the terminals of batteries being charged.

A spark will occur when the circuit is broken. Keep open flames away from battery.

Troubleshooting
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